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MONITORING NUTRITION AND MORTALITY OF THE INTERNALLY DISPLACED POPULATION: REPORT ON ROUND 2 - AUGUST 2022 (REPORT PUBLISHED: 19 SEPTEMBER 2022) - SOMALIA

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This is the second report from the 2022 Nutrition and Mortality Motion Systems Project. This sentinel site data collection is intended to provide near real-time data on the evolution of the crisis and the adequacy of the humanitarian response. A regional famine forecast for Somalia, prepared by the IPC on 5 September 2022, underscores the urgency of ensuring a timely humanitarian response and oversight.

Between 18 July and 2 August 2022, data were collected from 2,244 households at 16 IDP sites in Khada and Daynille, Afgooye Corridor, Baidoa, and Diinsor. The IDPs mainly originated from villages in different districts such as Bay, Lower Shabelle and Bakool. 89% of the camp residents recruited in Round 2 were from the Dizil and Miriful clans.

Water was sourced mainly from standpipes in Kada, tankers in Dinil, tankers and wells or springs in Baidoa, donkey cart vendors in Dinsur. More than 25% of households in Baidoa and Daynille and more than 70% of households in Dinsoor report inadequate access to potable water sometimes or frequently in the past four weeks. The use of pit toilets was also inadequate, with more than 50% of Daneer’s households practicing open defecation.
Baidoa, Dinsor.

All toilet locations were mapped to assess toilet availability at various IDP sites. The average number of toilets per camp was found to be 5.4. The four camps had no toilets at all and the average number of people per toilet was 153 overall.
Only one of the 16 camps met sanitary standards.

Child malnutrition reached critical levels in the MUAC GAM, ranging from 21% to 23% in all four regions. Enrollment in malnutrition treatment services has improved in most places since Round 1, but Sphere’s enrollment is still low, with only 66% of SAM cases attending OTP and 74% of MAM cases attending OTP or SFP. does not meet the criteria. Baidoa camp has the lowest coverage.

Only 18% of children aged 0-59 months. had health record cards and measles vaccination coverage was only 42% overall. Her 2-week prevalence of patients with suspected measles decreased from Round 1 to 3.6%. However, there is no guarantee that this trend will continue and there remains an urgent need to conduct vaccination campaigns.

Oral cholera vaccine (OCV) coverage increased slightly, reported in 34% of children aged 12-59 months, and the 2-week prevalence of acute watery diarrhea decreased to 13.6%.

Mortality decreased after Round 1, but was still found to be at emergency levels with a U5DR of 2 and a CDR of 1 death/10,000/day.

Data for August 2022 show that internally displaced people still face very severe nutrition and health crises. Acute malnutrition among children is at critical levels, threats continue from measles and her AWD infection, crude under-five mortality is at urgent levels, water and sanitation, vaccination, health There are serious gaps in the provision of life-saving interventions for management. Treatment of malnutrition. An enhanced humanitarian response is needed to address the grave health and nutritional status of her newly arrived IDPs and prevent the projected famine from becoming a reality.

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